What is medical cannabis?
Medical cannabis comes from three different species of wild cannabis: sativa, indica and ruderalis. It has been widely used as a medicine for thousands of years.
There are two main cannabis chemicals known to have the most medical benefit; THC and CBD. Treatments which include the whole plant – a combination of THC and CBD – have a better effect than just the individual components. This is known as the entourage effect. Medical cannabis with different ratios of THC & CBD is prescribed for particular conditions and symptoms.
How does medical cannabis work?
Cannabis supplements the body’s natural cannabis system; the endocannabinoid system.
This system has an effect on memory, control of movement, modulation of pain, development of nerve growth and plasticity, and the adaptability of the nervous system. It also has an influence on sleep, appetite, anxiety and social behaviour, as well as on the bladder, the bowels, the reproductive system, the heart, the hormonal and metabolic systems, and the control of cancer.
There are natural chemicals circulating in the body that attach to cannabinoid receptors in the body, CB1 and CB2. Through this chemical attachment, the body’s endocannabinoid system performs its functions. Cannabis treatments supplement and assist the body’s natural circulation of cannabis-like chemicals.
Balanced THC:CBD strains
Growing medical consensus is that a balanced ratio between THC and CBD delivers the best therapeutic benefits. Aside from addressing issues like insomnia, pain and muscle spasms, this ratio is being tested for effectiveness against conditions like skin disease, autism, fibromyalgia and certain types of cancer.
CBD dominant strains
High CBD strains can be used for many medical conditions including treatment-resistant epilepsy and anxiety, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes and colitis. Often, treatments will start with a CBD dominant strain, as many people wish to avoid the “high” that may come from a THC dominant strain.
THC dominant strain
THC can be a beneficial medicine for conditions including chronic pain and post-chemotherapy treatment, as it increases appetite and reduces nausea. It can also reduce inflammation and improve muscle control and coordination. The effects can include euphoria, positive mood and relaxation. It is still best to use THC along with CBD to counteract any anxiety, which sometimes results from THC dominant treatments.
Sometimes other ratios can be used if, for example, patients are sensitive to THC then a strain with a higher CBD content can be prescribed. The high CBD content ensures the effect of THC can be counteracted, so patients can receive the benefits of both.
Innovative premium care
The Medical Cannabis Clinics provide premium care for patients with innovative, effective and reliable treatment in each of our clinics. Our colleagues are highly motivated and focused on delivering an exclusive level of medical care to all our patients, overseen by our distinguished panel of clinical specialists. They have unmatched experience, offering a wide suite of services, and taking a multidisciplinary approach to cannabis therapy.
Our GMC registered specialists are the most experienced and respected medical cannabis practitioners in the UK. They will identify the appropriate cannabis medicine care plan products after a comprehensive assessment, including the main symptoms targeted, current medications, pattern of your symptoms and lifestyle factors such as safety-sensitive occupations. They will also monitor and adjust the medication on a regular basis to ensure the best effect with fewest side effects.
We have designed a careful process to monitor our patients’ wellbeing, with follow-up appointments after a week and then every month, for three months after receiving a prescription.
And of course, our specialist clinicians are always contactable for any queries and concerns. Patient care is our absolute priority.
Taking medical cannabis treatments
At The Medical Cannabis Clinics, we have ‘start low, go slow approach’ to achieve symptom relief for patients at the lowest dose required. Medical cannabis can be prescribed orally as a capsule, oil or tincture, with a vaporiser – often referred to as a vape – or as a lotion, balm, oil or topical cream applied to the skin.
Your clinician will work closely with you to ensure that you are confident in taking your prescribed medical cannabis in the most effective way for your condition and symptoms.